Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Tema Jurnal/ Artikel Ilmiah: Psychological Well-Being Edisi: II (23 November 2014)

1.  Identitas :
·          Title     : Happiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological
·         Author : Carol D. Ryff (University of Wisconsin - Madison)
·         Volume : 57
·         Issue : 6
·         Pages : 1069-1081
·         Publication : Dec 1989
·         ISSN: 0022-3514/89/SOO. 75
·         Copyright : Copyright 1989 by the American Psychological Association, Inc.

Abstrak :
Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from this literature (i.e., self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth) were operationalized. Three hundred and twenty-one men and women, divided among young, middle-aged, and older adults, rated themselves on these measures along with six instruments prominent in earlier studies (i.e., affect balance, life satisfaction, self-esteem, morale, locus of control, depression). Results revealed that positive relations with others, autonomy, purpose in life, and personal growth were not strongly tied to prior assessment indexes, thereby supporting the claim that key aspects of positive functioning have not been represented in the empirical arena. Furthermore, age profiles revealed a more differentiated pattern of well-being than is evident in prior research.

2Identitas :
            ·           Title     : A Complexity Approach to Psychological Well-Being In Adolescence: Major
                             Strengths And Methodological Issues
·          Author : Mo` Nica Gonza´ Lez, Ferran Casas and Germa` Coenders
·          Volume : 80
·         Issue : 6
·         Pages : 267–295
·         Publication : November 2005
·         ISSN: DOI 10.1007/s11205-005-5073-y
·         Copyright :  Springer 2006

Abstrak :
Psychological well-being in adolescence is an increasing field of study. Deepening in its knowledge during this period of life can be of a lot of help to the designing of more adjusted prevention programs aimed to avoid or reduce the problems adolescents might be experiencing. Complexity theories can be a productive alternative to the important limitations explanations about psychological well-being in adolescence have nowadays. Answers to a questionnaire have been obtained from a sample of 968 Catalan adolescents from 12 to 16 years old including 29 psychological well-being indicators measuring 8 dimensions related to satisfaction with specific life domains, self-esteem, perceived social support, perception of control and values.A structural equation modelling approach to complexity that focuses on the nonlinearity property has been followed. Given the large number of dimensions, the model has been estimated in two steps. First, a confirmatory factor analysis model has been fitted to the 29 indicators and appropriate factor scores have been saved. Then all possible products and squared terms of the factor scores have been computed and have been used as predictors of the dependent variable using an ordered logit model.The results show that a non-linear model including interaction effects among the 8 dimensions, age and gender, has a higher explanatory power to predict satisfaction with life as a whole, compared to a linear model estimated from those same indicators.This work must be understood as a first step, basically a methodological one, to the future elaboration of new models of psychological well-being in adolescence to be based on the principles defended by complexity theories.

3Identitas  :
·         Publication : November 2005
·         Title     : Parental Cohabitation and Adolescent Well-Being
·          Author :  Wendy D. Manning  and Kathleen Lamb
·         ISSN: DOI 10.1007/s11205-005-5073-y
·         Copyright :  Springer 2006
·         Document URL : opr.princeton.edu/seminars/manningf02.pdf

Abstrak :
As children are spending more of lives in cohabiting parent families, it has become increasingly important to understand the implications of cohabitation for children's well-being. We use the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to determine whether adolescents in cohabiting parent stepfamilies fare as well as adolescents living in married parent stepfamilies and whether teens in unmarried mother cohabiting families fare better or worse than children living with unmarried single mothers. Adolescents living in cohabiting stepfamilies experience greater disadvantage than their peers living in married stepfamilies. Some of these differences in family structure can be explained by socioeconomic circumstances, but the effects of family structure on delinquency and PPVT cannot be explained by these factors. Generally, we find that teens living with unmarried mothers are not advantaged or disadvantaged by their mother's cohabitation, exceptions include delinquency and grades. Yet, all of these family structure differences among children living in unmarried mother families can be explained by mother’s marital history. These results have implications for our understanding of cohabitation, a family form that has received limited attention. Moreover, these findings may contribute to debates about the importance of marriage for children.

4. Identitas :

·         Publication : June 2012
·         Title     : Psychological well-being and psychological distress: is it necessary to measure both?

·         Author :  Helen R Winefield, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor and Rhiannon M Pilkington
·         ISSN: doi.10.1186/2211-1522-2-3
·         Copyright :  2012 Winefield et al.; licensee Springer
·         Document URL : http://www.psywb.com/content/2/1/3

Abstrak :
The objectives of the study were to explore a self-report measure for psychological well-being and to investigate the relationship between psychological well-being and psychological distress. Telephone interviews of a representative sample of adults (N = 1933) collected information about sociodemographic variables, a standardised measure of psychological distress, and three brief existing scales to assess aspects of psychological well-being: Positive Relations with Others, Environmental Mastery, and Satisfaction with Life. The total of these three scales was also computed and explored as a measure of overall well-being. Variables positively associated with psychological well-being were negatively associated with psychological distress and vice versa. For example low psychological well-being and high psychological distress were associated with being the only adult in the household, speaking a language other than English at home, being divorced or separated, having no educational qualifications beyond secondary school, being unable to work, having a low income, renting one’s accommodation, and receiving a pension. The measure of well-being shows psychometric promise for community surveys. Psychological well-being is not exactly the opposite end of the continuum to psychological distress, but more debate is needed about whether and when, research participants need to be asked questions about both.

5Identitas :

      ·          Title     : Differences in psychological and affective well-being between physicians 
                           and resident physicians: Does high and low self-regulation capacity matter?
      ·         Author  : Christopher R Simo and Natalie Durand-Bush
·         Publication : October 2014
·         ISSN   : doi.10.1186/s13612-014-0019-2
·         Copyright :  2014 Simon and Durand-Bush; licensee Springer
·         Document URL : http://www.psywb.com/content/4/1/19

Abstrak :
Physician well-being has rapidly become an important area of interest given that reduced well-being can have a negative effect on patient outcomes. The majority of studies in this area have focused on impairment, and research on skills and processes that allow physicians and resident physicians to achieve and maintain adequate levels of well-being has been limited. As such, the purpose of the present study was to adopt a positive psychology approach to investigate well-being as more than the presence or absence of dysfunction. It aimed to examine the link between self-regulation capacity, an important self-management skill, and psychological and affective well-being among physicians and resident physicians. A total of 132 Canadian physicians and resident physicians completed online questionnaires assessing their levels of psychological and affective well-being and self-regulation capacity in order to determine if there were significant differences in well-being between physicians and resident physicians with high and low self-regulation capacity. Physicians and resident physicians had moderate and high levels of self-regulation capacity, respectively. While both groups were generally high in psychological well-being, they had average levels of positive and negative affect. Between-subject MANOVAs confirmed the hypothesis that high self-regulating physicians and resident physicians have higher levels of psychological well-being and positive affect compared to those with lower levels. However, those higher in self-regulation capacity did not have lower negative affect, nor did physicians have significantly higher levels of psychological and affective well-being than resident physicians. Results do not support some of the literature suggesting that physicians are highly distressed and cannot manage the demands of their profession. The positive significant association between the physicians and resident physicians’ self-regulation capacity and well-being implies that nurturing self-regulation skills within this population could potentially be one way to help them adapt to meet the evolving demands of the medical profession.

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