Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Tema Jurnal : Resilience Edisi : IV (7 Desember 2014)

1.  Identitas Jurnal :
·         Title : Living with III-Health in Older Age: The Role of a Resilient Personality
·         Author : Gill Windle, Robert T Woods, David A Markland
·         Volume : 11
·         Issue : 6
·         Pages : 763-777
·         Publication : Dec 2010
·         Country of publication: Netherlands
·         ISSN: 13894978
·         ProQuest document ID: 807458282
·         Copyright: Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Abstrak :
This paper tests the hypothesis that a resilient personality moderates the impact of ill-health on subjective well-being. A cross-sectional survey drew a random sample of 1,847 people from England, Wales and Scotland aged between 50 and 90. Participants were interviewed face-to-face in their own homes. This paper examines demographic data, life satisfaction, psychological resources and ill-health. The direct and moderating effects were analysed using the method of multiple regression. Significant main effects of resilience and ill-health on life satisfaction were found in all of the age-groups. In three of these (60-69, 70-79 and 80-90) the addition of the interaction term was associated with a significant increase in the size of the effect, indicating a resilient self moderated the negative effect of ill-health on subjective well-being. Resilient resources can be a valuable mechanism for maintaining well-being and understanding differential resistance to, and recovery from ill-health in later life.



2. Identitas Jurnal :
·         Title : Sexual Abuse: A Comparison Between Resilient Victims and Drug-Addicted
    Victims
·         Author: Magali H Dufour, Louise Nadeau
·         Volume: 16
·         Issue: 6
·         Pages : 655-672
·         Number of pages : 18
·         Publication : Dec 2001
·         Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
·         Place of publication: New York
·         ISSN: 08866708
·         ProQuest document ID: 808563422
·         Copyright: Copyright Springer Publishing Company Dec 2001


Abstrak :
The goal of this study was to determine which variables distinguish resilient victims from drug-addicted victims, who were sexually abused during their childhood-in addition, to measure the contribution of these variables to the level of distress experienced by the victims. There were two groups of 20 women interviewed. The resilient group showed no clinically significant symptoms of mental distress, and the addicted group were undergoing treatment for drug dependency. They all completed a semi-structured interview and a questionnaire regarding the type and severity of their sexual abuse, mental health status, self-esteem, locus of control, support and cognitive factors from Finkelhor's model. Both of these groups were equally and severely abused. Resilient and addicted women both received a moderate level of support. These women also reported the same sense of betrayal and powerlessness. Furthermore, both groups believe, to a large degree, that they now control what happens to them (internal locus of control). There were three distinguishing variables among the two groups, they were stigmatization, self-blame, and hazard for the locus of control. In comparison, resilient women had less self-blame for having been abused and they also felt less stigmatized than addicted women. In fact, stigmatization and self-blame account for 65% of the TSC-40 variance. These results suggest that cognitive strategies, particularly those that are linked to the interpretation of the event, may have some importance in the recovery.


3. Identitas Jurnal:
·         Title : Resiliency Determinants and Resiliency Processes Among Female Adult
           Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse
·         Author: Christine B Bogar, Diana Hulse-Killacky
·         Volume: 84
·         Issue: 3
·         Pages: 318
·         Publication : 2006
·         Copyright: Copyright 2006 by the American Counseling Association

Abstrak :
The phenomenological, qualitative study examined resiliency determinants and resiliency formation among 10 women who had been sexually abused as children. An examination of the determinants and processes that facilitated resiliency in participants adult lives revealed 5 determinant clusters (interpersonally skilled, competent, high self-regard, spiritual, and helpful life circumstances) and 4 process clusters (coping strategies, refocusing and moving on, active healing, and achieving closure).


4. Identitas jurnal :

·         Title : Resilience in the Face of Potential Trauma

·         Author: George A. Bonanno
·         Volume: 14
·         Issue: 3
·         Pages: 135-138
·         Publication : June 2005
·         Document URL: http://cdp.sagepub.com/content/14/3/135.short

       Abstrak :
       Until recently, resilience among adults exposed to potentially traumatic events was thought to occur rarely and in either pathological or exceptionally healthy individuals. Recent research indicates, however, that the most common reaction among adults exposed to such events is a relatively stable pattern of healthy functioning coupled with the enduring capacity for positive emotion and generative experiences. A surprising finding is that there is no single resilient type. Rather, there appear to be multiple and sometimes unexpected ways to be resilient, and sometimes resilience is achieved by means that are not fully adaptive under normal circumstances. For example, people who characteristically use self-enhancing biases often incur social liabilities but show resilient outcomes when confronted with extreme adversity. Directions for further research are considered.



5. Identitas (Disertasi):
·         Title : Resilient reintegration of married women with dependent children:
                  Employed and unemployed
·         Author : Deon Larsen Dunn
·         Document type: Dissertation/Thesis
·         Number of Pages : 266
·         Publication : 1994
·         ID dokumen ProQuest: 304124838
·         Copyright : Copyright UMI - Dissertations Publishing 1994URL

Abstrak :

This study examined the relationship among Envirosocial Protective Factors, Envirosocial Risk Factors, Spirit, Mind, Body, and Resilient Reintegration. Resiliency is a concept that has emerged from the fields of psychopathology, child development, and health education to explain how individuals maintain mental, physical, and spiritual health while experiencing outcomes of multidimensional growth. In the resilient individual, multidimensional growth occurs despite challenging life events that may present risk, disruption, and significant adversity. Previous research has shown that resiliency is influenced by stressful life events, envirosocial factors, and an individual's competencies of the Body, Mind, and Spirit. This study examined these relationships in employed and unemployed married women with dependent children by using structural equations modeling. The sample consisted of 705 women from California and Utah. These women responded to a 402-item questionnaire consisting of 31 scales that defined six latent variables. Significant differences were found between the two samples in observed variables and the structural model. Separate analyses were performed. The employed model resulted in significant relationships between Envirosocial Risk Factors and Envirosocial Protective Factors, the Spirit, and Resilient Reintegration. Significant relationships also were found between Envirosocial Protective Factors and Envirosocial Risk Factors, as well as between Envirosocial Risk Factors and the Body. Lesser paths, revealed by a correlational study, identified paths to Resilient Reintegration between the Spirit, Mind, and Body. Analyses resulted in a three-factor model that represented the unemployed sample. The Mind and Body collapsed into one latent variable, as did the Spirit and Resilient Reintegration. Envirosocial Factors comprised another. Significant paths were identified between the Envirosocial Factors and Spirit/Resilient Reintegration and between Spirit/Resilient Reintegration and the Mind/Body. Tests of the measurement model revealed that all parameter estimates were significant for both employed and unemployed samples. Both employed and unemployed structural models represented better fits to the data than all competing models. A multifactorial analysis of variance, utilizing a 2 x 2 x 2 between-subjects factorial design, revealed that instrumental and expressive competencies and employment were independent in their relationship with resiliency outcomes. This analysis resulted in significant multivariate and univariate effects for instrumentality on resiliency outcomes.




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