Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : Self Affirmation Edition : XII (February, 1st 2015)


1.      Journal Identity
Title           : Matricide: Primal aggression in search of self-affirmation
Author       : William R Holcomb
Volume     : 63
Issue          : 3
Pages         : 264-287 
Number of pages : 24
Publication : 2000
Country of publication: United States
ISSN         : 00332747
ProQuest document ID: 220697982
Copyright  : Copyright Guilford Publications, Inc. Fall 2000

Abstract:
THREE major theories of matricide are presented and critiqued using epidemiological data, case studies, and descriptive research. The strengths and weaknesses of psychoanalytic theory, family systems theory, and cognitive behaviorism in explaining matricide are described.


2.   Journal Identity
Title             : The Meaning of Coming Out: From Self-Affirmation to Full Disclosure
Author         : Guittar, Nicholas A
Volume       : 9
Issue           : 3
Pages           : n/a 
Publication  : Jul 2013
Country of publication: Poland
ISSN                     : 17338077
ProQuest document ID: 1458957034
Copyright  : Copyright Uniwersytet Lodzki, Wydzial Ekonomiczno-Socjologiczny, Instytut Socjol Jul 2013

Abstract:
Qualitative researchers have begun to analyze narratives of individuals experiences with coming out in order to explore the social inuences that aect these processes. However, most studies on coming out are based on the assumption that coming out has a singular shared meaning. The present study is centered on challenging this very assumption by taking a constructivist grounded theory approach to exploring the meaning of coming out for 30 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) individuals via open-ended interviews. Coming out does not have a universal meaning among LGBQ persons; rather, it varies on the basis of individuals experiences, social environment, and personal beliefs and values. All 30 participants in the current study agree that coming out is a transformative process and an important element in identity formation and maintenance, thus challenging the notion that coming out is no longer a relevant concept. For some participants coming out is more of a personal journey of self-affirmation, while for others it is about the sharing of their sexuality with others and oftentimes a combination of these two characteristics. Implications for future research on coming out are included.


3.   Journal Identity
Title           : Exploring the Dynamics of Business Values: A Self-affirmation Perspective
Author       : George W. Watson, Steven D. Papamarcos, Bruce T. Teague, Cindy Bean
Volume     : 49
Issue          : 4
Pages         : 337-346 
Publication : Feb 2004
Country of publication: United States
ISSN         : 01674544
ProQuest document ID: 198095301
Copyright  : Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers Feb 2004

Abstract:
In this paper our aim is to augment the value-congruency literature by demonstrating the dynamics of business value structures. The relationship between cognitive discomforts and value restructuring is examined by applying self-affirmation theory. Subject (N=115) were randomly assigned either to the treatment group (n=69) or control group (n=46). Those subjects in the treatment group were tasked with deciding between two different organizational re-structuring options that involved downsizing. The values of job-entitlement, and obligations to the disadvantaged shifted in emphasis in a direction that legitimated and justified the lay-off decision. The value of economic nationalism remained unchanged. Implications for research and practice are discussed.


4.   Journal Identity
Title           : A Self-Regulation Hypothesis of Coping with an Unjust World: Ego-Depletion and Self-Affirmation as Underlying Aspects of Blaming of Innocent Victims
Author       : Annemarie Loseman, Kees van den Bos
Volume     : 25
Issue          : 1
Pages         : 1-13
Publication : Mar 2012
ISSN         : 08857466
ProQuest document ID: 930147995
Copyright  : Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Abstract:
People have a need to Belief in a Just World (BJW) in which people get what they deserve. When people are confronted with an event which threatens this BJW (e.g. when they witness a girl falling victim to rape), people try to maintain their existing beliefs, for example, by blaming the innocent victim for her ill fate. We argue that this defensive process of blaming innocent victims in essence stems from self-regulatory failure. In accordance with this line of reasoning, our first experiment shows that when self-regulatory resources were depleted (i.e. in the case of high ego-depletion) before BJW threatening information describing an innocent victim of a rape crime, the effect of BJW threat on victim blaming amplified. Study 2 shows that when selfregulation was facilitated by means of self-affirmation after the BJW threatening information, the effect of BJW threat on victim blaming vanished. Taken together, our findings suggest that coping with BJW threats involve self-regulatory processes leading to more or less defensive reactions (like blaming innocent victims). When people's self-regulatory resources are depleted, they react more negatively to innocent victims when they constitute a stronger threat to the BJW. Facilitating self-regulation, by means of self-affirmation, enables people to cope with BJW threatening information, thereby inhibiting the urge to blame innocent victims.


5.   Journal Identity
Title          : Weaving with Needles and Pens: Sufism, Self-Affirmation, and Women's Poetry in the Indian sub-Continent
Author        : Anna Vanzan
Volume     : 20
Issue          : 1
Pages         : 1-17 
Publication :  2013
Country of publication: Pakistan
ISSN         : 10241256
ProQuest document ID: 1459404249
Copyright  : Copyright Alam - e - Niswan 2013

Abstract:
This paper argues that Indian women who composed poetry expressed their identity and personal feelings by using the Persian/Sufi vocabulary that gave words double or even triple meaning; they also twisted the conventional Sufi imaginary according to their own desires. While this modality was common among their male colleagues, women used it to talk publicly about themes that would appear inopportune or even disreputable in a woman's mouth. However, the cultures in which Sufism flourished tended to convey literature in an oral rather than in a written form. Thus, much poetry went lost or scattered, especially women's literary production. No wonder that most of what arrived in a written form to our times belongs to upper class women who had social visibility, power, and access to expensive materials such as pens and papers. Sufism particularly thrived in the Indian sub-continent; therefore, it is no surprise that this region offers some illustrious examples of mystic women. The present paper assesses the works of three women Sufi poets who also enjoyed royal status. The first two, i.e. Jah?n?r? Begum (1614-1681) and Zeb-un-nis?' Begum (1638-1702) were daughters of Sh?h Jah?n and Aurangzeb respectively, the Emperors of Mughal India, while the third one is Nawwab Shah Jah?n Begum (1838- 1901), the crowned ruler of Bhopal State.


6.   Journal Identity
Title             : The Workplace as an Arena for Identity Affirmation and Social Integration of Immigrants
Author       : Valenta, Marko
Volume     : 9
Issue          : 2
Publication : 2008
Country of publication: Germany
ProQuest document ID: 869601774
Copyright  : Copyright Freie Universität Berlin 2008

Abstract:
The social integration of first generation immigrants in Norway is the main topic of this paper. If certain conditions are fulfilled, a workplace may be a key arena for identity reproduction and social integration. For some, they are a means of finding new acquaintances and having their identity affirmed. For others, they will seem closed off, and even appear as sources of social exclusion and discrediting. If we look beyond the general reasons for the absence of social relations between immigrants and hosts we may find some further explanations in the nature of the work immigrants tend to have. In this article, I focus at three mechanisms that influence their integration and identity reproduction at the workplace: a) The meanings immigrants attached to contact structures at the workplace, b) the degree of occupational displacement that immigrants experience and c) the occupational status and the status position within the workplace. Given the focus on immigrants' voices, the data is mainly gathered through qualitative interviews with them.


7.   Journal Identity
Title            : Another Side to Downsizing: Survivors' Behavior and Self-Affirmation
Author       : Barbara J. Petzall, Gerald E. Parker, Philipp A. Stoeberi
Publication title: Journal of Business and Psychology
Volume     : 14
Issue          : 4
Pages         : 593
Publication : 2000
Country of publication: Netherlands
ISSN         : 08893268
ProQuest ID : 196903537
Copyright  : Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers Summer 2000

Abstract:
This article has no abstract.


8.   Journal Identity
Title          : Intervention versus affirmation: Proposed solutions to the problem of disproportionate minority representation in special education
Author       : Loretta A. Serna, Steven R. Forness, M. Elizabeth Nielsen
Volume     : 32
Issue          : 1
Pages         : 48 
Number of pages : 4
Publication : 1998
Country of publication: United States
ISSN         : 00224669
ProQuest document ID: 194701595
Copyright  : Copyright PRO-ED Journals Spring 1998

Abstract:
This article has no abstract.


9.   Journal Identity
Title           : Modern gay and lesbian libraries and archives in North America: A study in community identity and affirmation
Author         : Bill Lukenbill
Volume     : 23
Issue          :1/2
Number of pages : 8 
Publication : 2002
Country of publication: United Kingdom
ISSN         : 01435124
ProQuest document ID: 198852556
Copyright  : Copyright MCB UP Limited (MCB) 2002

Abstract:
This article reviews the development of the gay and lesbian movement. The theoretical foundations for gay and lesbian archives and libraries are discussed, together with the way in which their mission statements reflect concerns for their history, heritage and the need to correct the past neglect of the gay and lesbian role in society. The problems faced by the archives and libraries include funding and that they rely mainly on volunteer help. Much of the pre-1960s material is in danger of deterioration and of being lost since there is not adequate cataloguing and listing of documents. There is a need for national databases of collections, networking, and digitisation.


10. Journal Identity
Title             : Self-Affirmation Improves Problem-Solving under Stress
Author         : J David Creswell, Janine M. Dutcher, William MP Klein, Peter R. Harris, John M
Volume     : 8
Issue          : 5
Publication : May 2013
Country of publication: United States
ProQuest document ID: 1348122102
Copyright  : © 2013 Creswell et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited: Creswell JD, Dutcher JM, Klein WMP, Harris PR, Levine JM (2013) Self-Affirmation Improves Problem-Solving under Stress. PLoS ONE 8(5): e62593. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0062593

Abstact:
High levels of acute and chronic stress are known to impair problem-solving and creativity on a broad range of tasks. Despite this evidence, we know little about protective factors for mitigating the deleterious effects of stress on problem-solving. Building on previous research showing that self-affirmation can buffer stress, we tested whether an experimental manipulation of self-affirmation improves problem-solving performance in chronically stressed participants. Eighty undergraduates indicated their perceived chronic stress over the previous month and were randomly assigned to either a self-affirmation or control condition. They then completed 30 difficult remote associate problem-solving items under time pressure in front of an evaluator. Results showed that self-affirmation improved problem-solving performance in underperforming chronically
stressed individuals. This research suggests a novel means for boosting problem-solving under stress and may have important implications for understanding how self-affirmation boosts academic achievement in school settings.





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