Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : Attribution Style Edition : XVII (March, 8st 2015)

1.      Journal Identity
Title            :  Attribution style and psychosis: evidence for an externalizing bias in patients but not in individuals at high risk
Location      : Cambridge
Volume        : 36
Issue            : 6
Pages           : 771-778
Number of pages : 8
Publication  : Jun 2006
Country of publication: United Kingdom
ISSN           : 00332917
ProQuest document ID: 204493871
Copyright    : Copyright Cambridge University Press, Publishing Division Jun 2006

Abstract :
Background. The aims of the study were to investigate whether (i) patients with lifetime presence of non-affective psychosis show an external-personal attribution bias for negative events, (ii) this attribution stylecan also be detected in first-degree relatives of patients with psychosis and subjects with subclinical psychotic experiences, and (iii) this attribution style is related to the presence of psychotic symptoms, in particular delusions. Method. Participants were 23 patients with lifetime presence of non-affective psychosis, a high- risk group of 36 first-degree relatives of patients with non-affective psychosis, a high-risk group of 31 subjects with subclinical psychotic experiences and 46 normal controls. Attribution style was measured by the Internal, Personal and Situational Attribution Questionnaire. Positive symptoms were assessed with the Present State Examination (PSE) and the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS). Results. Relative to the controls, an externalizing bias was apparent in the patient group (beta=0.20, p=0.03) but not in the two high-risk groups. There was a dose-response association between externalizing bias and the delusions subscale of the PSE (relative to lowest level: highest level of delusions: beta=0.53, p=0.04; intermediate levels of delusions: beta=0.23, p=0.35). No significant differences were found in personalizing bias between the four groups. Conclusions. Patients with psychosis tend to use an externalizing bias in their explanations of negative social events, and this bias is associated with the presence of positive psychotic symptoms, in particular delusions. A deviant attribution style is not part of the vulnerability to psychosis.

2. Journal Identity
Title            :  Attribution style and projection
Author        : Maltby, John
Volume       : 157
Issue           : 4
Pages          : 505-506
Publication : Dec 1996
Publisher     : Taylor & Francis Inc.
Place of publication: New York
ISSN          : 00221325
ProQuest document ID: 228461356
Copyright   : Copyright Heldref Publications Dec 1996

Abstract :
Juni noted a number of similarities between attribution theory and the psychoanalytic theory of the defense mechanism of projection. Maltby attempted to examine this proposition by administering the expanded form of the Attribution Style Questionnaire and the Projection subscale of the Defense Style Questionnaire to college students.

3. Journal Identity
Title            : Religion, attribution style, and punitiveness toward juvenile offenders
Author        : Grasmick, Harold G; McGill, Anne L
Volume       : 32
Issue           : 1
Pages          : 23
Publication : Feb 1994
Publisher     : American Society of Criminology
Place of publication: Beverly Hills, US
ISSN          : 00111384
ProQuest document ID: 220691372
Copyright   : Copyright American Society of Criminology Feb 1994

Abstract :
Research shows that adherents to conservative Christian beliefs are more punitive than others in their response to crime. The hypothesis that a tendency to attribute crime to dispositional factors is the intervening variable linking conservative religious beliefs to punitiveness is tested. Results support the hypothesis.

4. Journal Identity
Title            : Restricted Emotional Processing and Somatic Attribution in Fibromyalgia
Volume       : 31
Issue           : 2
Pages          : 127-146
Number of pages: 20
Publication : 2001
Publisher     : Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.
Place of publication: Amityville, US
ISSN          : 00912174
ProQuest document ID: 196303762
Copyright   : (c) 2001/2002, Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.

       Abstract :
Objective : Medically unexplained symptoms or syndromes, such as fibro-myalgia (FM), might be partly caused or sustained by a mechanism involving restricted emotional processing (REP) and the subsequent attribution of emotional arousal to somatic or syndrome-consistent causes. In this study, it was hypothesized that FM patients, compared to healthy individuals, would be higher on trait measures of REP (defensiveness and alexithymia), and would show affective-autonomic response dissociation, that is, higher standardized scores of heart rate responses than affective responses, during negative emotional stimulation. Additionally, FM patients were expected to attribute their bodily symptoms more to somatic than to psychological causes. Method : Emotional movie excerpts were shown to 16 female FM patients and 17 healthy women. Affective response and heart rate were monitored continuously, while symptoms and their causal attributions were measured before and after the excerpts. Repressor coping style and alexithymia were measured, along with negative affectivity and habitual attributions of somatic complaints. Results : FM patients nearly all showed the relatively uncommon combination of high defensiveness and high anxiousness. Compared with healthy women FM patients were more alexithymic, showed a higher level of affective-autonomic response dissociation, and lower within-subject emotional variability. The groups showed opposite attributional patterns, with FM patients attributing symptoms less to psychological causes and more to somatic causes. There was no evidence of a shift in these attributions caused by the emotional stimuli. Conclusions : The results provide preliminary support for the hypotheses. Both at trait and at state level, FM showed restricted emotional processing on most of the parameters measured, and a high ratio of somatic to psychological symptom attribution, coupled with high negative affectivity.

5. Journal Identity
Title              : Subjective HIV attribution theories, coping and psychological functioning among homosexual men with HIV
Author          : Clement, U; L Nilsson Schonnesson
Volume         :10
Issue             : 3
Pages of number : 9
Pages            : 355-63
Publication               : Jun 1998
Publisher       : Taylor & Francis Ltd.
ISSN            : 09540121
Copyright     : Copyright Carfax Publishing Company Jun 1998

Abstract :
Facing a traumatic event, such as being diagnosed with HIV, the individual tries to find an explanation why the traumatic event happened. One way to answer that question is through attributions. The purpose of this study was to examine subjective attribution theories for HIV (internal/self-blame, external/blaming others, and fatalistic) and their association with coping styles and psychological functioning among 57 self-defined gay men who were HIV-positive. None of the respondents were diagnosed with AIDS. Although all men madeattributions for their HIV infection, few had incorporated exclusively self-blame and external attributions, respectively. About one-third of the gay men attributed HIV to both self-blame and external factors. Self-blameattribution was associated with the avoidant coping style. Analyses yielded that both self-blame attributionand the avoidant coping style correlated with depressive mood and life dissatisfaction. External attributiontheory displayed a positive relation to depressive mood. No particular HIV attribution theory was tied to good psychological functioning. The clinical implications of these results are discussed.

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