Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : Forgiveness Edition : XVI (March, 1st 2015)

1.      Journal Identity
Title          :  Gender Differences in the Relationship Between Empathy and Forgiveness
Author      : Toussaint, Loren; Webb, Jon R
Location   : Washington
Volume    : 145
Issue         : 6
Pages        : 673-685
Number of pages : 13
Publication : 2005
Country of publication: United States
ISSN        : 00224545
ProQuest document ID: 199776397
Copyright : Copyright HELDREF PUBLICATIONS Dec 2005

Abstract :
Much research has shown that women are more empathic than men. Yet, women and men are equally forgiving. However, it is not clear whether empathy is more important to forgiveness for men or for women. The purpose of the present study was to examine gender differences in levels of empathy and forgiveness and the extent to which the association of empathy and forgiveness differed by gender. Participants were 127 community residents who completed self-report measures of empathy and forgiveness. The present results showed that women were more empathic than men, but no gender difference for forgiveness was apparent. However, the association between empathy and forgiveness did differ by gender. Empathy was associated with forgiveness in men-but not in women.

2.       Journal Identity
Title          :  Forgive to Live: Forgiveness, Health, and Longevity
Volume    : 35
Issue         : 4
Pages        : 375-386
Publication : Aug 2012
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Place of publication: New York
ISSN        : 01607715
ProQuest document ID: 1026717049
Copyright : Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Abstract :
This study examined multiple types of forgiveness as predictors of mortality and potential psychosocial, spiritual, and health mechanisms of the effects of forgiveness on longevity. Data from a nationally representative sample of United States adults ages 66 and older assessed forgiveness, health, religiousness/spirituality, and socio-demographics (N = 1,232). God's unconditional forgiveness and conditionalforgiveness of others initially emerged as statistically significant predictors of mortality risk. However, only conditional forgiveness of others remained a significant predictor of mortality after controlling for religious, socio-demographic, and health behavior variables. Mediators of the association between conditionalforgiveness of others and mortality were examined, and a statistically significant indirect effect was identified involving physical health. These findings suggest that conditional forgiveness of others is associated with risk for all-cause mortality, and that the mortality risk of conditional forgiveness may be conferred by its influences on physical health.

3.      Journal Identity
Title          :Interpersonal Forgiveness In Emotion-Focused Couples' Therapy: Relating Process to Outcome
Author      : Stanley J Rachman
Volume    : 40
Issue         : 1
Pages        : 49-67
Number of pages: 19
Publication : 2014
Publisher  : Blackwell Publishing Ltd.Place of publication: New York
ISSN        : 0194472X
ProQuest document ID: 1501475692
Copyright : Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Jan 2014

Abstract :
The objective of this study was to relate the in-session processes involved in interpersonal forgiveness to outcome. The sample consisted of 33 couples who received 10-12 sessions of Emotion-focused couple therapy with the aim of resolving various forms of emotional injuries (i.e., transgression that violates the expectations of a close relationship, which leaves one partner feeling hurt and angry ). The results of the present study were based on the analyses of205 video-taped segments from 33 couples' therapies. Hypotheses relating the role of three in-session components of resolution, the injurer's "expression of shame"; the injured partner's "accepting response" to the shame, and the injured partner's "in-session expression of forgiveness", to outcome were tested using hierarchical linear regression analyses. Outcome measures included the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (The Enright Forgiveness Inventory user's manual. Madison: The International Forgiveness Institute, 2000), the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (Journal of Marriage and Family, 1976: 13: 723) and the Interpersonal Trust Scale (Trust; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1985; 49: 95). 
4. Journal Identity
Title            :Associations Between Women's Experiences of Sexual Violence and  Forgiveness
Volume       : 28
Issue           : 6
Pages          : 1041-1053
Number of pages: 13
Publication :Des 2013
Publisher     : Springer Publishing Company
Place of publication: New York- US
ISSN          : 08866708
ProQuest document ID: 1470426173
Copyright   : Copyright Springer Publishing Company 2013

       Abstract :
The purpose of this study was to examine forgiveness and sexual violence among college women. Undergraduate women (N 5 503) completed an online survey assessing experiences of sexual violence and forgiveness. Simultaneous multivariate regressions revealed that experiencing more sexual violence was associated with more revenge and avoidance, and less benevolence. Furthermore, findings indicated that more experiences of sexual violence were negatively associated with forgiveness of self, forgiveness of others, and forgiveness of uncontrollable situations. This work begins to fill critical gaps in the extant literature because it is the only study to date that examines sexual violence and the positive psychological construct of forgiveness. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

5.  Journal Identity
Title            : Forgiveness as a Leadership Tool
Author        : Kymenlaakso, Ilkka Virolainen
Volume       : 7
Issue           :1
Pages of number :14
Pages          :  432-445
Publication : 2012
Publisher     : Institute for Business & Finance Research
Copyright   : Copyright Institute for Business & Finance Research 2012

Abstract :
Forgiveness is a topic that is seldom discussed in organizations. This paper brings to light the kind of role forgiveness can play in organizations. This paper shows the different benefits that forgiveness can bring into an organization and also how forgiveness can be used in practice. Forgiveness brings many benefits at the individual employee level, dyad level, team level and organizational level. Conflicts, misunderstandings, losing trust and crises are all things that happen in companies. Forgiveness can be used as a tool to solve these issues. Therefore forgiveness can be seen as a leadership and employee wellbeing tool. This paper is a literature review.

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