Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : ADHD ( 11 November 2016 )

1. Journal Identity
Title                        : Examining Autistic Traits in Children with ADHD: Does the Autism Spectrum Extend to ADHD?
Volume                  :41
Issue                       : 9
Pages                      : 1178-91
Publication            : 2011
ISSN                      : 01623257
Copyright               : Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

We examined to what extent increased parent reports of autistic traits in some children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are the result of ADHD-related symptoms or qualitatively similar to the core characteristics of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Results confirm the presence of a subgroup of children with ADHD and elevated ratings of core ASD traits (ADHD^sup +^) not accounted for by ADHD or behavioral symptoms. Further, analyses revealed greater oppositional behaviors, but not greater ADHD severity or anxiety, in the ADHD^sup +^ subgroup compared to those with ADHD only. These results highlight the importance of specifically examining autistic traits in children with ADHD for better characterization in studies of the underlying physiopathology and treatment
2. Journal Identity
Tittle                       : Early-age clinical and developmental features associated to Substance Use Disorders in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults
Authors                  : M. Nogueira, R. Bosch, S. Valeroa, N. Gómez-Barros, G. Palomar, V. Richarte, M. Corrales, V. Nasilloa, R. Vidal, M. Casasa, J.A. Ramos-Quiroga
Volume                   : 55
Issue                       : -
Pages                      : 639–649
Publication             : 2014
ISSN                      : -
Copyright               : 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Objective: The main objective was to explore early-age conditions associated to Substance Use Disorders (SUD) in adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); secondly, to determine which of those conditions are specific to ADHD subjects; and finally, to compare ADHD and non-ADHD subjects in terms of SUD lifetime prevalence and professional, social and personal adjustment.

Method: Comparison between ADHD adults with (n = 236) and without lifetime SUD (n = 309) regarding clinical characteristics of ADHD, externalization disorders, temperamental traits, environmental factors, academic history and family psychiatric history; secondly, ADHD subjects were compared to a non-ADHD group (n = 177) concerning those variables.

Results: The following variables were found to be positively associated to SUD in ADHD
subjects: ADHD severity, CD and ODD comorbidities, temperamental characteristics (“fearful”, “accident prone” and “frequent temper tantrums”), “sexual abuse”, “be suspended from school”, family history of SUD and ADHD, and male gender; ADHD inattentive subtype and “fearful” were inversely associated to SUD. From those variables, “frequent temper tantrums” was also associated to SUD in non-ADHD subjects. ADHD subjects had higher prevalence of lifetime SUD and greater professional, social and personal impairment than non-ADHD subjects.

Conclusion: Findings suggest a significant association between ADHD, SUD and early-age conditions, such as CD and ODD comorbidity; other variables from childhood, namely,
ADHD subtype, temper characteristics (“fearful”, “accident prone”), “sexual abuse”, “be suspended from school” and family history of ADHD are associated to SUD in ADHD subjects, but not in non-ADHD subjects. Moreover, this study confirms both the higher prevalence of lifetime SUD and greater professional, social and personal impairment in ADHD subjects than in non-ADHD subjects.

3. Journal Identity
Title                        : Efektivitas Terapi Menulis Untuk Menurunkan Hiperaktivitas dan Impulsivitas Pada Anak dengan Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Author                    : Iffa Dwi Hikmawati, Erny Hidayati
Volume                   : 2
Issue                       : 1
Pages                      : -
Publication             : 2014
ISSN                      : 2303-114X
Copyright               : Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi
Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui efektivitas terapi menulis untuk menurunkan hiperaktivitas dan impulsivitas pada anak dengan ADHD(Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Penelitian ini dilakukan  di SD Taman Muda Yogyakarta pada tanggal 24 oktober 2013 sampai dengan tanggal 29 november 2013. Jumlah subjek pada penelitian ini adalah 1 orang. Ciri-ciri subjek pada penelitian ini adalah anak dengan ADHD usia 8 tahun, memiliki tingkat kecerdasan dalam kategori rata-rata, sudah dapat menulis. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah Behavioral checklist. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen. Desain eksperimen yang digunakan adalah desain kasus tunggal dengan desain A-B-A.  Analisis data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah analisis visual dengan metode Conservative Dual- Criterion (CDC), yakni dengan menghitung jumlah poin yang berada di bawah  kedua garis (level line dan trend line). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pemberian terapi menulis efektif dalam menurunkan perilaku hiperaktivitas dan impulsivitas subjek, dengan menunjukkan hasil penurunan frekuensi pada fase baseline 2 sebanyak 6 poin. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa terapi menulis efektif untuk menurunan perilaku hiperaktivitas  dan impulsivitas pada anak ADHD(Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). 
4. Journal Identity
Title                        : Psychosocial Treatments for ADHD: A Systematic Appraisal of the Evidence
Author                    : Silvana Maria Russo Watson, Corrin Richels, Anne Perrotti Michalek, and Anastasia Raymer
Volume                   : 19 (I) 3-10
Issue                       : -
Pages                      : 8
Publication : 2012
ISSN                      : -
DOI                        :  10.1177/1087054712447857
Copyright               : sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav
URL                       : http://jad.sagepub.com/content/19/1/3.full.pdf+html
Objective: Children with learning disabilities often experience comorbid ADHD, impacting on the effectiveness of interventions for those children. In addition to pharmacologic intervention, clinicians and educators employ a variety of psychosocial methods to address the behavioral and social issues that arise in children with ADHD, including those with co-occurring learning disabilities. Numerous systematic reviews and meta-analyses have been conducted examining treatment studies using psychosocial interventions for children with ADHD. Because of the importance of such reviews to evidence based clinical and educational practice, it is essential that reviews be conducted with rigorous methodologies to avoid bias in conclusions (Schlosser, Wendt, & Sigafoos, 2007). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses conducted for psychosocial treatments of ADHD in children. Method: Electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English language studies of psychosocial treatments for ADHD in children up to 18-years-old from 1998 to 2010. Twenty-one studies were identified that met inclusion criteria (13 systematic reviews, 8 meta-analyses). Independent examiners used the quality rating scale proposed by Auperin, Pignon, and Pynard (1997) to rate the characteristics of good systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Results: Results indicated that certain methodological characteristics were common across trials reviewed, yet shortcomings were common among most reviews, including inadequate descriptions of data extraction methods and lack of quality ratings for trials included in the reviews. Conclusion: Synthesis of findings from the five top-rated reviews and the literature on ADHD suggest that psychosocial treatments contribute to improvements on behavioral and social outcomes. How ADHD and LD interplay in treatment outcomes is largely unexplored. (J. of Att. Dis. 2015; 19(1) 3-10)
5. Journal Identity
Title                        : The Study of the Effect of Magnetic Therapy on Improvement of Neuropsychological Functions in Children with Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity
Author                    : Pushaneh, Kambiz; Poo, Susan Emami; Rabib, Maryam; Tehrani, Daryoosh Nasabi
Volume                   : 2
Issue                       : 2
Pages                      : 461 – 471
Publication             : 2013
ISSN                      : -
Copyright               : Copyright Gamut s.r.o. 2013
This study aims to evaluate the effect of magnetic therapy on improvement of neuropsychological functions in those with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity. The statistical population of present study includes 30 children with attention deficit- hyperactivity disorder in ages of 7 to 8 who are studying in Tehran in 2011-2012 and have admitted to the neurologist's office for treatment. In this study, those children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder that referred to a neurologist doctor were used as the sample, who were randomly divided into a control and experimental group. The questionnaires used for this study included Children Symptom Inventory (CSI-4)for the assessment of symptoms of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and inhibition, Wisconsin's test for assessment of self-control skills, Andre-ray test to assess the ability to plan and organize, sub-tests of comprehension, analogies, adjustment of images and joining pieces and Kessler children-III for assessment of changing rate of inhibition skills. The results indicated that magnet therapy method has had impact on improvement of organization, planning ability, and attention deficit symptoms of children with attention deficit -hyperactivity disorder.

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