Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : Demensia ( 27 November 2016 )

1. Journal Identity

Tittle                       : Predicting anxiety in carers of people with dementia: the role of trait emotional intelligence
Authors                   : Jessica Weaving, Vasiliki Orgeta, Martin Orrell and K. V. Petrides
Volume                   : 26
Issues                      : -
Pages                      :1201 – 1209
Publication              :2014
ISSN                       : -
Copyright               : International Psychogeriatric Association

Background: Trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) is a personality dimension related to affect that has been shown to predict psychopathology. The objective of the present study was to examine the predictive validity of trait EI in explaining anxiety symptoms in family carers of people with dementia.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 203 dementia family caregivers. We used the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire – Short Form (TEIQue-SF) to measure trait EI in carers. The predictive validity of the scale in explaining anxiety was tested via regression analysis.
Results: Bivariate correlational analysis indicated that lower levels of trait EI were related to higher perceived burden, higher anxiety and depression, and poorer self-rated health in carers. Multiple regression analyses indicated that trait EI was a significant predictor of anxiety symptoms after accounting for known factors influencing outcomes for caregivers. Trait EI also showed strong predictive validity in relation to psychosocial outcomes in carers.
Conclusions: Trait EI plays an important role in predicting anxiety in dementia caregivers. Theoretical models and interventions aimed at carers of people with dementia should take into account aspects of personality

2. Journal Identity
Title          : Hubungan antara Tingkat Stres dengan Tindak Kekerasan pada Caregiver Lansia dengan Demensia
Author      : Ayu Dewi Yuliawati & Woelan Handadari
Volume    : 2
Issue         : -
Pages        : -
Publication : 2013
ISSN        : -
Copyright :  Jurnal Psikologi Klinis dan Kesehatan Mental

Due to the increasing level of abuse on elderly dementia by their caregiver, this study attemp to understand the correlation between stress and abuse on elderly dementia caregiver. The variables was meassured using scales that both compiled by the researcher. The reliability of the stress scale is 0,925 and for the abuse scale is 0,896. The scale was given to 38 elderly dementia caregiver. The results revealed that there is a significant correlation between stres and abuse on elderly dementia caregiver.
Keywords : Stress; Abuse; Caregiver; Dementia
Mengingat semakin tingginya angka kekerasan yang terjadi pada lansia dengan demensia, penelitian ini berupaya untuk mengaitkan terjadinya tindak kekerasan pada lansia demensia dengan tingkat stres yang dimiliki oleh caregiver demensia. Pengumpulan data menggunakan skala stres dan kekerasan yang disusun sendiri oleh peneliti, dengan tingkat reliabilitas Alpha Cronbach untuk skala stres adalah 0,925 sedangkan untuk skala kekerasan adalah 0,896. Skala stres dan kekerasan disebarkan pada 38 caregiver demensia. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah ada hubungan yang signifikan antara tingkat stres dengan tindak kekerasan pada caregiver lansia dengan demensia.
Kata Kunci : Stres; Kekerasan; Caregiver; Demensia

3. Journal Identity
Tittle                       : From Beginning to End: Perspectives of the Dementia Journey in Northern Ontario
Authors                   : Gregorio, Deanna Di; Ferguson, Shannon; Wiersma, Elaine
Volume                   : 34
Issues                      : -
Pages                      : 100-112
Publication              : 2015
ISSN                       : 07149808
Copyright               : Canadian Association on Gerontology 2015
Document URL      :

Research on dementia care continues to develop, yet little attention has been given to the dementia experience in rural, northern communities. This study explored the dementia journey through the viewpoints of health service providers, caregivers, community members, and people living with dementia. The findings highlight the complexity of dementia awareness and understanding. Sound awareness and knowledge of dementia itself, the community services available, as well as of the perspectives of individuals living with dementia and care partners specifically in rural, northern Ontario are fundamental to quality care and support of individuals with dementia. Practical service implications and the need for greater developments with respect to the awareness and understanding of dementia in rural, northern communities are discussed.

4. Journal Identity
Tittle                       : 20-Year prevalence projections for dementia and impact of preventive policy about risk factors
Authors                   : Jacqmin-gadda, Hélène; Alperovitch, Annick; Montlahuc, Claire; Commenges, Daniel; Leffondre, Karen; Dufouil, Carole; Elbaz, Alexis; Tzourio, Christophe; Ménard, Joël; Dartigues, Jean-françois; Joly, Pierre
Volume                   : 28
Issues                      : -
Pages                      : 493-502
Publication              : 2013
ISSN                       : 03932990
Copyright               : Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013
Document URL      :
Incidence of dementia increases sharply with age and, because of the increase in life expectancy, the number of dementia cases is expected to rise dramatically over time. Some studies suggest that controlling some modifiable risk factors for dementia like diabetes or hypertension could lower its incidence. However, as treating these vascular factors would also reduce mortality risk, the actual impact of such public-health intervention on dementia prevalence is not known. Accounting for the impact of dementia and risk factors on mortality, the aim of this work was (1) to compute projections of age- and-sex specific prevalence of dementia in France from 2010 to 2030, (2) to evaluate how public-health interventions targeting risk factors for dementia could change these projections. Age-and-sex specific incidence of dementia and mortality of demented subjects were estimated from the Paquid population-based cohort using a semi-parametric illness-death model. Future global mortality rates and population sizes were obtained from national demographic projections. Under the assumption that life expectancy will increase by 3.5 years for men and 2.8 years for women by 2030, the number of subjects with dementia was estimated to increase by about 75 % from 2010 to 2030 with a 200 % increase after 90 years of age. Therapeutic intervention on the whole population reducing high blood pressure prevalence would lead to a decrease in both dementia incidence rates and mortality and would have a modest impact on the number of dementia cases. On the other hand, a preventive dementia treatment targeting ApoE4 carriers would probably not improve survival and hence would decrease dementia prevalence by 15-25 %

5. Journal Identity
Tittle                       : 20-Year prevalence projections for dementia and impact of preventive policy about risk factors
Authors                   : Potter, Guy G, PhD; Wagner, H Ryan, PhD; Burke, James R, MD, PhD; Plassman, Brenda L, PhD; Welsh-Bohmer, Kathleen A, PhD; Steffens, David C, MD, MHS
Volume                   : 28
Issues                      : -
Pages                      : 297-306
Publication              : 2013
ISSN                       : 10647481
Copyright               : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Mar 2013
Document URL      :
Major depressive disorder is a likely risk factor for dementia, but some cases of major depressive disorder in older adults may actually represent a prodrome of this condition. The purpose of this study was to use neuropsychological test scores to predict conversion to dementia in a sample of depressed older adults diagnosed as nondemented at the time of neuropsychological testing.
Longitudinal, with mean follow-up of 5.45 years.
Outpatient depression treatment study at Duke University.
Thirty nondemented individuals depressed at the time of neuropsychological testing and later diagnosed with incident dementia; 149 nondemented individuals depressed at the time of neuropsychological testing and a diagnosis of cognitively normal.
All participants received clinical assessment of depression, were assessed to rule out prevalent dementia at the time of study enrollment, completed neuropsychological testing at the time of study enrollment, and were diagnosed for cognitive disorders on an annual basis.
Nondemented, acutely depressed older adults who converted to dementia during the study period exhibited broadly lower cognitive performances at baseline than acutely depressed individuals who remained cognitively normal. Discriminant function analysis indicated that 2 neuropsychological tests, Recognition Memory (from the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease neuropsychological battery) and Trail Making B, best predicted dementia conversion.

Depressed older adults with cognitive deficits in the domains of memory and executive functions during acute depression are at higher risk for developing dementia. Some cases of late-life depression may reflect a prodrome of dementia in which clinical manifestation of mood changes may co-occur with emerging cognitive deficits.
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