Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : Cognitive Theory (01 February 2017)

1. Journal Identity
Title                             : Beyond Organic Aetiology: Exploring A Psychocognitive Approach To Gastric Ulceration
Author                         : Michael O.S. Afolabi
Volume                       : 1(1)
Issue                            :-
Publication                  : 9 Agustus 2013
ISSN                           : 2332-3000
Copyright                    : Michael O.S. Afolabi © 2013.
URL                            : http://scidoc.org/articlepdfs/IJBRP/IJBRP-2332-3000-01-101.pdf

Pavlov’s classical conditioning experiments brought to the fore how stimuli of purely psychogenic nature mediate and affect cognitive state, hence, shaping physiologic functions. Against this background, I seek to understand how the triad of the brain, the mind and our human experiences (in the context of disease) interact. I attempt a systematic explication of how this interaction may occur in the onset of gastric ulceration. On that note, I argue that a valid psychocognitive frame of reference offers creative insights into how non-pharmacological means may be employed in the clinical palliation of forms of non-organic gastric ulcers.
2. Journal Identity

Title                 : Cognitive Development Masks Support for Attributional Style Models of Depression in Children and Adolescents
Author             : Weitlauf, Amy SCole, David A
Volume           : 40
Issue                : 6
Pages               : 849-62
Publication      : 2012
ISSN               : 00910627
Copyright        : Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012
Document URL: http://search.proquest.com/docview/1022248202?accountid=34643

Attributional style models of depression in adults (Abramson et al. 1989, 1978) have been adapted for use with children; however, most applications do not consider that children's understanding of causal relations may be qualitatively different from that of adults. If children's causal attributions depend on children's level of cognitive development, then support for attributional models of depression in young people will vary with cognitive development. In this paper, a new measure of cognitive development, the Peabody Causal Reasoning Test (PCRT), is introduced to assess children's understanding of ability versus effort, task difficulty, and luck as causal factors. Analyses revealed that in 8- to 16-year-old children, failure to control for level of cognitive development suppressed empirical support for cognitive diathesis-stress models of depression. Statistically controlling for measures of cognitive developmentstrengthened support for this model.
3. Journal Identity
Title                              : Cross-cultural differences in cognitive development: Attention to relations and objects
Author                         : Megumi Kuwabara, Linda B. Smith
Volume                       : -
Issue                            : -
Pages                            : 20 - 35
Publication                  : 2012
ISSN                            : 0022-0965
Copyright                    :  2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Document URL          www.iub.edu/~cogdev/labwork/Kuwabara_Smith.pdf

Growing evidence indicates a suite of generalized differences in the attentional and cognitive processing of adults from Eastern and Western cultures. Cognition in Eastern adults is often more relational and in Western adults is more object focused. Three experiments examined whether these differences characterize the cognition of preschool children in the two cultures. In Experiment 1, 4-year-olds from the two cultures (N = 64) participated in a relational match-to-standard task in two conditions, with simple or richly detailed objects, in which a focus on individual objects may hurt performance. Rich objects, consistent with past research, strongly limited the performance of U.S. children but not Japanese children. In Experiment 2, U.S. and Japanese 4-year-olds (N = 72) participated in a visual search task that required them to find a specific object in a cluttered, but organized as a scene, visual field in which object-centric attention might be expected to aid performance and relational attentional pattern may hinder the performance because of relational structure that was poised by the scene. U.S. children outperformed Japanese children. In Experiment 3, 4-year-olds from both cultures (N = 36) participated in a visual search task that was similar to Experiment 2 but with randomly placed objects, where there should not be a difference between the performance of two cultures because the relational structure that may be posed by the scene is eliminated. This double-dissociation is discussed in terms of implications for different developmental trajectories, with different developmental subtasks in the two cultures.
4. Journal Identity

Tittle                            : Child-Related Interparental Conflict in Infancy Predicts Child Cognitive Functioning in a Nationally Representative Sample
Authors                       : Patricia Pendry  and Emma K. Adam
Volume                       : 22
Issues                          : -
Pages                           : 502 - 515
Publication                  : 2013
ISSN                           : -
Copyright                    : Springer Science+Business Media
Document URL          :

Abstract         :
While associations between exposure to marital conflict and child development have been documented extensively in middle childhood and adolescence, few studies have examined the developmental consequences of conflict exposure in infancy. Moreover, those that have examined marital conflict in infancy tended to focus on consequences of conflict exposure on infants’ attachment security, and various aspects of infants’ physiological and emotion regulation. Virtually nothing is known about the longitudinal links between exposure to interparental conflict in infancy and later cognitive development. Using longitudinal data on a subsample of infants (N = 6,019) and their parents who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), this study examined links between the frequency of interparental conflict at 9 months and child cognitive development 15 months later. Combining data from parent interviews, birth certificates, in-home assessments of child cognitive development, and videotaped parent–child interactions, results showed significant negative associations between the frequency of child-related interparental conflict at 9 months of age and child cognitive ability at 24 months. The negative association reflects a direct effect that was not mediated by parental support or child attachment security measured at 24 months. Associations were calculated while considering children’s prior cognitive functioning (at 9 months), and a wide range of child, parent and household characteristics.
5. Journal Identity

Title                   : The Rise of Modern, Industrial Society The cognitive-developmental approach as a new key to solve the most fascinating riddle in world history:

Author              Oesterdiekhoff, Georg W
Volume           : 54

Issue                 : -

Pages                : 262-312

Publication      : 2014

ISSN               : 00252344

Copyright        :   Council for Social and Economic Studies, Inc. Spring 2014

Document URL :


The question about the emergence of modern, industrial society and the rise of the Western world remains unanswered. It is said to be the most fascinating research question across all social sciences. However, most theories lack the theoretical thoroughness to explain the decisive phenomena. The essay shows that the cognitive-developmental approach, as developed in my structure-genetic sociology, has the tools to explain why the Western World and not Asia developed the modern, industrial society and why the Western culture elaborated in the same period of time industrialism, sciences, enlightenment, democracy, and humanism. Three of these five dimensions of modernity are purely intellectual phenomena, even expressing cognitive-evolutionary trends. Industrialism and democracy appear to be expressions of institutional and intellectual phenomena. The essay demonstrates that the rise of formal operations, the cognitive maturation of people, is the decisive phenomenon, whereas the evolutions of the five elements are only the five fingers of this hand. The new approach can explain all relevant aspects equally. It is in the heritage of the classical theories of Comte, Weber, Elias, Habermas and some others, and breathes their spirit.

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