Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : Low Self-esteem (13 March 2017)

1. Journal Identity

Title                             : Self-Esteem Development From Age 14 to 30 Years: A Longitudinal Study
Author                         : Ruth Yasemin Erol and Ulrich Orth
Volume                       : 101
Issue                            : 3
Page                            : 607-619
Publication                  : 2011
DOI                            : 10.1037/a0024299
Copyright                    : © 2011 American Psychological Association
URL                            : http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/psp-101-3-607.pdf

We examined the development of self-esteem in adolescence and young adulthood. Data came from the Young Adults section of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, which includes 8 assessments across a 14-year period of a national probability sample of 7,100 individuals age 14 to 30 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that self-esteem increases during adolescence and continues to increase more slowly in young adulthood. Women and men did not differ in their self-esteem trajectories. In adolescence, Hispanics had lower self-esteem than Blacks and Whites, but the self-esteem of Hispanics subsequently increased more strongly, so that at age 30 Blacks and Hispanics had higher self-esteem than Whites. At each age, emotionally stable, extraverted, and conscientious individuals experienced higher self-esteem than emotionally unstable, introverted, and less conscientious individuals. Moreover, at each age, high sense of mastery, low risk taking, and better health predicted higher self-esteem. Finally, the results suggest that normative increase in sense of mastery accounts for a large proportion of the normative increase in self-esteem.

2. Jurnal Identity

Title                             Penerapan Terapi Multimodal Dengan Teknik Thought Stopping Dan Desensitisasi Sistematik Untuk Meningkatkan Harga Diri Yang Rendah Pada Siswa Kelas Viii-E Smpn 4 Pasuruan.
Author                         Denok Setiawati

 Volume                      : 5
Issue                            : -
Pages                           -
Publication                  2015
ISSN                           : -
Copyright                    : BK FIP Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Document URL         

Stress kerja merupakan Kondisi yang muncul dari interaksi antara manusia dan pekerjaannya serta dikarakteristikkan oleh perubahan manusia yang memaksa mereka untuk menyimpang dari fungsi normal mereka. Sedangkan kepuasan kerja merupakan evaluasi yang menggambarkan seseorang atas perasaan sikapnya senang atau tidak senang puas atau tidak puas dalam bekerja. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui stress kerja, kepuasan kerja dan menguji pengaruh stress kerja terhadap kepuasan kerja karyawan pada Kantor Pusat PT. Pos Indonesia (Persero) Bandung. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian ini berjumlah 410, dan tehnik penarikan sampel menggunakan teknik probability sampling dengan jenis propotionate stratified random sampling (sampel acak berstrata) sehingga diperoleh 81 karyawan sebagai sampel. Hasil analisis penelitian menunjukkan pengaruh stress kerja terhadap kepuasan kerja karyawan pada PT. Pos Indonesia (Persero) Bandung menunjukkan tingkat hubungan sedang, dengan kontribusi pengaruhnya sebesar 34,3%, dan sisanya sebesar 65,7% yang dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain seperti, gaya kepemimpinan, penilaian prestasi kerja, kompensasi, dan lain-lain.

3. Journal Identity

Title                             : Responsive Low Self-Esteem: Low Explicit Self-Esteem, Implicit Self-Esteem, and Reactions to Performance Outcomes
Author                         : Jordan, Christian H.Logel, ChristineSpencer, Steven J.Zanna, Mark P.Wood, Joanne V.Holmes, John G.
Volume                       : 32
Issue                            : -
Pages                           : 703-732
Publication                  : 2013
ISSN                           : 07367236
Copyright                    : © 2013 Guilford Publications Inc.
Document URL          :

Whereas some research has found that low self-esteem individuals (LSEs) with high implicit self-esteem fare better psychologically than those with low implicit self-esteem, other research has found they fare worse. In an attempt to integrate and extend this work, we propose that the well-being of LSEs with high implicit self-esteem is responsive to outcomes in important domains; they are more debilitated than LSEs with low implicit self-esteem by negative outcomes but benefit more from positive outcomes. In Study 1, LSEs with high implicit self-esteem had higher state self-esteem than those with low implicit self-esteemafter positive feedback. In Study 2, LSEs with high implicit self-esteem had higher well-being (higher trait self-esteem and less severe depressive symptoms) than LSEs with low implicit self-esteem two weeks after receiving high grades, but lower well-being after receiving lowgrades. Thus, individuals with discrepant low self-esteem might be aptly characterized as having responsive self-esteem.

4. Journal Identity

Title                             : Co-occurrence of social anxiety and depression symptoms in adolescence: differential links with implicit and explicit self-esteem?
Author                         : de Jong, P J,  Sportel, B E, de Hullu, E, and  Nauta, M H
Volume                       : 42
Issue                            : 3
Pages                           : 475-84
Publication                  : 2012
ISSN                           : 00332917
Copyright                    : Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011
Document URL          :

Social anxiety and depression often co-occur. As low self-esteem has been identified as a risk factor for both types of symptoms, it may help to explain their co-morbidity. Current dual process models of psychopathology differentiate between explicit and implicit self-esteem. Explicit self-esteem would reflect deliberate self-evaluative processes whereas implicit self-esteem would reflect simple associations in memory. Previous research suggests that low explicit self-esteem is involved in both social anxiety and depression whereas low implicit self-esteem is only involved in social anxiety. We tested whether the association between symptoms of social phobia and depression can indeed be explained by low explicit self-esteem, whereas low implicit self-esteem is only involved in social anxiety.
Adolescents during the first stage of secondary education (n=1806) completed the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) to measure symptoms of social anxiety and depression, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) to index explicit self-esteem and the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to measure implicit self-esteem.
There was a strong association between symptoms of depression and social anxiety that could be largely explained by participants' explicit self-esteem. Only for girls did implicit self-esteem and the interaction between implicit and explicit self-esteem show small cumulative predictive validity for social anxiety, indicating that the association between low implicit self-esteem and social anxiety was most evident for girls with relatively low explicit self-esteem. Implicit self-esteem showed no significant predictive validity for depressive symptoms.
The findings support the view that both shared and differential self-evaluative processes are involved in depression and social anxiety.

5. Jurnal Identity

Title                             Peer Acceptance Protects Global Self-esteem from Negative Effects of Low Closeness to Parents During Adolescence and Early Adulthood

Author                         Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Kyrre Breivik, and  Bente Wold

Volume                       : 43
Issue                            : -
Pages                           70–80
Publication                  24 February 2013
ISSN                           : -
Copyright                    : Journal Youth Adolescence

Having a distant relationship with parents seems to increase the risk of developing a more negative global selfesteem. This article describes a longitudinal study of 1,090 Norwegian adolescents from the age of 13–23 (54 % males) that explored whether peer acceptance can act as a moderator and protect global self-esteem against the negative effects of experiencing low closeness in relationships with parents. Aquadratic latent growth curve for global self-esteem with closeness to parents and peer acceptance as time-varying covariates was modeled, taking partial measurement invariance in global self-esteem into account. Peer acceptance was found to have a general protective effect on global self-esteem for all adolescents. In addition, at most ages, peer acceptance was found to have a protective-stabilizing effect on the relationship between closeness to parents and global self-esteem. This indicates that peer acceptance can be an especially valuable source of global self-esteem when closeness to parents is low.

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