Universitas Mercu Buana

Unggul, Bermutu dan Bermanfaat

Theme of Journal : Ethological (02 April 2017)

1. Jurnal Identity

Title                             : Refining the sexual selection explanation within an ethological framework
Author                         Archer, John
Volume                       : 32
Issue                            : 3-4
Pages                           : 292-311
Publication                  : 2009
ISSN                           : 0140525X
Copyright                    : Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2009
Document URL          : http://search.proquest.com/docview/212263810?accountid=34643

My response is organized into three sections. The first revisits the theme of the target article, the explanatory power of sexual selection versus social role theory. The second considers the range and scope of sexual selection, and its application to human sex differences. Two topics are examined in more detail: (1) the paternity uncertainty theory of partner violence; (2) evolution of inter-group aggression. Section 4 covers ultimate and proximal explanations and their integration within an ethological approach. I consider the development of sex differences in aggression, and their causal mechanisms, within this framework

2. Journal Identity

Title                               : Human Social Behavioral Systems: Ethological Framework For A Unified Theory
Author                          : Liane J. Leedom
Volume                        : 1
Issue                             : -
Pages                            : 39-65
Publication                  : 2014
ISSN                            : -
Copyright                    :  Human Ethology Bulletin
Document URL          : ishe.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/HEB_2014_29_1_39-65.pdf

Drive theories of motivation proposed by Lorenz and Tinbergen did not survive experimental scrutiny; however these were replaced by the behavioral systems framework. Unfortunately, political forces within science including the rise of sociobiology and comparative psychology, caused neglect of this important framework. This review revives the concept of behavioral systems and demonstrates its utility in the development of a unified theory of human social behavior and social bonding. Although the term “attachment” has been used to indicate social bonds which motivate affiliation, four differentiable social reward systems mediate social proximity and bond formation: the affiliation (attachment), caregiving, dominance and sexual behavioral systems. Ethology is dedicated to integrating inborn capacities with experiential learning as well as the proximal and ultimate causes of behavior. Hence, the behavioral systems framework developed by ethologists nearly 50 years ago, enables discussion of a unified theory of human social behavior.

3. Jurnal Identity

Tittle                             : The Pet Connection: An Attachment Perspective
Authors                         : Pat Sable
Volume                       : 41
Issue                            : -
Pages                           : 93 - 99
Publication                  : 28 Juni 2012
ISSN                           : -
Copyright                    : Springer Science+Business Media,
Document URL          :

Using the ethological-evolutionary framework of attachment, and including how the theory has been updated and expanded by findings from attachment-based research, neuroscience and animal studies, this paper proposes that a relationship with a family pet, especially a dog or cat, reflects certain dynamics of attachment which may account for the sense of comfort and connection they provide to individuals at all stages of the life cycle. There is now convincing scientific evidence that companion animals have positive effects on psychological and physical well-being, helping shape how people regulate their emotions, deal with stress or trauma, and relate to others.Discussion considers the implications of these benefits for social work, in particular for policy, prevention, and psychotherapy.An illustration of treatment for pet loss, as well as a framework for promoting attachment in pets adopted from rescue shelters, is also presented. It is recommended that both social work professionals and social work students be educated about the human-animal bond and the significance of pets to so many of our clients.

4. Jurnal Identity

Title                 : Understanding the Psychology of Bullying Moving Toward a Social-Ecological Diathesis–Stress Model
Author             : Susan M. Swearer , Shelley Hymel
Volume           :  70, no 4 344-353
Issue                : -
Page                : 10
Publication      : 2015
ISSN               : -
Copyright        : © 2015 American Psychological Association 0003-066X/15/$12.00
URL                : https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/amp-a0038929.pdf

With growing recognition that bullying is a complex phenomenon, influenced by multiple factors, research findings to date have been understood within a social-ecological framework. Consistent with this model, we review research on the known correlates and contributing factors in bullying/victimization within the individual, family, peer group, school and community. Recognizing the fluid and dynamic nature of involvement in bullying, we then expand on this model and consider research on the consequences of bullying involvement, as either victim or bully or both, and propose a social-ecological, diathesis–stress model for understanding the bullying dynamic and its impact. Specifi- cally, we frame involvement in bullying as a stressful life event for both children who bully and those who are victimized, serving as a catalyst for a diathesis–stress connection between bullying, victimization, and psychosocial difficulties. Against this backdrop, we suggest that effective bullying prevention and intervention efforts must take into account the complexities of the human experience, addressing both individual characteristics and history of involvement in bullying, risk and protective factors, and the contexts in which bullying occurs, in order to promote healthier social relationships.

5. Journal Identity

Title                 : The reformulation of emotional security theory: The role of children's social defense in developmental psychopathology
Author             : Davies, Patrick T; Martin, Meredith J
Volume           : 25
Issue                : -
Pages               : 1435-1454
Publication      : 2013
ISSN               : 09545794
Copyright        :   Cambridge University Press 2013
Document URL :

Although children's security in the context of the interparental relationship has been identified as a key explanatory mechanism in pathways between family discord and child psychopathology, little is known about the inner workings of emotional security as a goal system. Thus, the objective of this paper is to describe how our reformulation of emotional security theory within an ethological and evolutionary framework may advance the characterization of the architecture and operation of emotional security and, in the process, cultivate sustainable growing points in developmental psychopathology. The first section of the paper describes how children's security in the interparental relationship is organized around a distinctive behavioral system designed to defend against interpersonal threat. Building on this evolutionary foundation for emotional security, the paper offers an innovative taxonomy for identifying qualitatively different ways children try to preserve their security and its innovative implications for more precisely informing understanding of the mechanisms in pathways between family and developmental precursors and children's trajectories of mental health. In the final section, the paper highlights the potential of the reformulation of emotional security theory to stimulate new generations of research on understanding how children defend against social threats in ecologies beyond the interparental dyad, including both familial and extrafamilial settings.

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